Biltmore Program

   After World War I, when the British mandate replaced Ottoman rule in Palestine, the focus of Zionist political and diplomatic endeavor was Great Britain. However, during and after World War II, political necessity and reality resulted in a shift in focus to the United States. The Biltmore Program was adopted by the Extraordinary Zionist Conference in New York on 11 May 1942 in response to Great Britain's policy toward the Jewish national home, particularly the restrictions on land sales and immigration (see ALIYA) imposed on Jews in the White Paper of 1939. The program became the basis for Zionist effort until Israel's independence and was a harbinger of change. It rejected efforts to restrict Jewish immigration and settlement in Palestine and called for the fulfillment of the Balfour Declaration and the mandate, urging that "Palestine be established as a Jewish Commonwealth." The Biltmore Program reflected the urgency of the situation in which the Jewish leadership found itself as a consequence of the Holocaust and the need to provide for the displaced Jews of Europe.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BILTMORE PROGRAM — BILTMORE PROGRAM, declaration of policy by the World Zionist movement during World War II (May 1942), to the effect that the cause of Zionism could no longer be advanced by the existing British Mandatory regime. It urged, as the next step, that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Biltmore program — plan accepted by the Zionist committee in New York in 1942, plan that called for establishing a Jewish state in Israel, plan calling for immigration and the canceling of the White Book …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Biltmore Hotel — is the name of a hotel chain created by hotel magnate John McEntee Bowman. The name evokes the Vanderbilt family s Biltmore Estate, whose buildings and gardens within are privately owned historical landmarks and tourist attractions in Asheville,… …   Wikipedia

  • Biltmore Conference — The Biltmore Conference, also known by its resolution as the Biltmore Program, was held in New York City at the prestigious Biltmore Hotel from May 6 to May 11, 1942 with 600 delegates in attendance and Zionist leaders from 18 countries.Various… …   Wikipedia

  • New York Biltmore Hotel — The New York Biltmore Hotel was a luxury hotel in New York City. It was one of three palatial hotels built as part of the Terminal City development. The others were the Commodore Hotel, now the Grand Hyatt New York, and the Roosevelt Hotel, which …   Wikipedia

  • Coral Gables Biltmore Hotel — Miami Biltmore Hotel Country Club U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • Coral Gables Biltmore Hotel — 25° 44′ 28″ N 80° 16′ 45″ W / 25.7411, 80.2792 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zionist and Palestinian Arab attitudes before 1948 — As used here, Zionists refers to members of the movement for a Jewish Homeland in Palestine, and Palestinian Arabs refers to the non Jewish population of Palestine at the same time. This article covers the period from the start of Zionism in… …   Wikipedia

  • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.